Sovereign Men and women versus Citizenship.
From 1945 to today many changes to life in general changed all over the world.
Most of these changes came to pass mainly due to the many treaties and agreements made during and after ww1 ww2 from 1908 till 1954 including the massive debt owed after these wars .
In this article we look into the time period from 1945.
As many may not be aware of these changes or there affects, we shall concentrate on the changes to the peoples sovereignty in this article.
The effects of the wars reached far and wide .
Many countries failed to pay back these debts and in most cases failed to see the consequences of such failure.
The banks, the Vatican, powerful elites and America played a huge role in what was next to come.
SOVEREIGNTY as defined by blacks law .
The possession of sovereign power; supreme political authority; paramount control of the constitution and frame of government and Its administration ; the self-sufficient source of political power, from which all specific political powers are derived; the international independence of a state, combined with the right and power of regulating its internal affairs without foreign dictation; also a political society, or state, which is sovereign and independent.
“The freedom of the nation has its correlate in the sovereignty of the nation.
Political sovereignty is the assertion of the self-determinate will of the organic people, and in this there is the manifestation of its freedom.
It is in and through the determination of its sovereignty that the order of the nation is constituted and maintained.”
“If a determinate human superior, not in a habit of obedience to a like superior, receive habitual obedience from the bulk of a given society, that determinate superior is sovereign in that society, and the society (including the superior) is a society political and independent.”
In the case of the Commonwealth of Australia as prescribed in our preamble the people united into one indissoluble Federal Commonwealth under the blessing of Almighty God and confirmed and assented by Queen Victoria we became a self governing colony.
This was strengthened by our ANZACS with their blood and the treaty of Versailles when the Commonwealth of Australia become a nation in its own right.
CITIZEN as defined by blacks law.
In general, A member of a free city or jural society, (civitas.) possessing all the rights and privileges which can be enjoyed by any person under its constitution and government, and subject to the corresponding duties.
The status of Australian nationality or Australian citizenship was created by the Nationality and Citizen-ship Act 1948
(in 1973 renamed the Australian Citizenship Act 1948), which came into force on 26 January 1949. … The process of acquiring citizenship by application is referred to as “naturalisation”.
1949: Nationality and Citizenship Act creates Australian citizenship
The passage of the Nationality and Citizenship Act 1948 marked the first time the term ‘Australian citizen’ had been used in any legislation, including the Constitution.
While the Act had symbolic importance, it was driven more by pragmatism than a desire to enshrine a distinct national identity.
The Act, though much amended, still provides the legislative framework for how a person becomes an Australian citizen.
Note ,Blacks law defines a person as a corporation, not a man or woman ?
Immigration Minister Arthur Calwell, 1948:
It will symbolise not only our own pride in Australia, but also our willingness to offer a share in our future to the new Australians we are seeking in such vast numbers … They will no longer need to strive towards an intangible goal, but can aspire to the honour of Australian citizenship … We shall try to teach the children that they are fortunate to be British, and even more fortunate to be Australian.
Citizenship before 1949.
What they didn’t tell us was that our Imperial Crown Christian protestant realm and crown would change.
Until 1949 there was no such thing as an Australian citizen.
Before that, anyone born or naturalised (made a citizen) in Australia was a British sovereign subject under a Constitutional monarchy . (Head of state being a king or Queen).
People travelling overseas were issued with British passports.
Unlike the United States Constitution, the Australian Constitution has little to say on citizenship beyond stating that to stand for parliament you cannot have dual nationality.
There is no mention of ‘Australian citizenship’
In our Commonwealth Constitution nor did the politicians have the power to change our constitution without a referendum of the people.
At the time of Federation, and until at least the Second World War, most Australians identified themselves as British.
However, from the 1940s onwards, the disintegration of the British Empire and the increase of non-British migration to Australia led the federal government to develop the concept of Australian citizenship.
The politicians took it upon themselves to change these things.
One must also consider the treaty of Versailles not being enacted or put to the Commonwealth of Australia.
Under the treaty of Versailles we should have become a kingdom in our own right with our own head of state yet this was never put to the Australian people.
The Canadian government in 1946 was the first in the British Commonwealth to implement its own citizenship act.
This undermined the uniformity of British subject status across the Commonwealth and led to the British Commonwealth Conference on Nationality and Citizenship in London from 3 February 1947.
At the conference it was agreed by the self-governing nations of the Commonwealth that each nation would be free to define its own citizen-ship.
This led to the passing of the British Nationality Act 1948, the British Nationality and New Zealand Citizenship Act 1948, the South African Citizenship Act 1949, and in Australia, the Nationality and Citizenship Act 1948.
Nationality and Citizenship Act
The citizenship legislation was introduced to the House of Representatives by Arthur Calwell, Australia’s first immigration minister. Calwell was at pains to point out that Australians would remain British subjects while also becoming Australian citizens.
Calwell was the architect of the Chifley Government’s postwar immigration drive which actively sought migrants from non-British backgrounds. The principle underpinning the Act was ‘assimilation’. Immigrants were expected to assimilate into Australian society as much as possible, and Australian citizenship was offered as an incentive to do so.
There were those who felt the Act didn’t go far enough.
Cross-bencher and former Labor Premier of New South Wales Jack Lang asserted that the Act did not explain what being an Australian citizen meant in terms of rights and privileges.
Meanwhile, the Liberal-Country Party coalition was outraged by the legislation, calling it ‘a sinister plot to liquidate the Empire’.
And Indeed it was.
Nonetheless, the Nationality and Citizenship Act 1948 was passed and came into effect on Australia Day, 26 January 1949.
What the Act did
The Act created Australian citizenship and the conditions by which it could be acquired. The main provisions of the Act were that:
All Australian-born and other British subjects resident in Australia for the five years prior to 26 January 1949 were automatically Australian citizens
Anyone born in Australia on or after that date was automatically an Australian citizen
Anyone defined as an Australian citizen also became or retained the status of British subject.
However, under the Act, British subjects who wished to become Australian citizens could do so quickly and easily, whereas ‘aliens’, that is foreigners resident in Australia who were not British subjects, found it a lot harder.
Effects of the Act
The Department of Immigration saw the take up of Australian citizenship and the success of its migration policies as interlinked, and monitored naturalisation rates. Relatively few migrants applied for citizenship, partly because it conferred too few benefits, such as increased employment opportunities or government benefits, and partly because it was a long and complicated process if you weren’t already a British subject.
From 1950 the government organised Australian citizenship conventions and the Good Neighbour Movement to help promote citizenship and encourage new citizens to assimilate by providing formal language and culture classes, written resources and advice bureaus.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people gained little from the Act.
They were not specifically excluded from the legislation and so were, technically, Australian citizens.
However, they were still unable to vote — one of the key privileges of citizenship.
It wasn’t until 1962 that the Menzies government amended the Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918 to enable all Indigenous Australians to enrol to vote in federal elections.
Since it was passed, the Nationality and Citizenship Act 1948 has been amended more than 30 times as attitudes towards immigration have changed.
It was renamed the Australian Citizenship Act in 1973.
From 1973 federal governments have gradually removed the favoured status accorded to British subjects and extended Australian citizenship to people on a non-discriminatory basis.
In 1984, the law was altered so that Australian citizens would no longer be considered British subjects, and British citizens arriving in Australia would no longer be able to vote in elections until they had become Australian citizens.
Changes to the legislation in 2007 introduced a citizenship test and increased the residence requirement from two to four years.
These changes represented a departure from, and possibly an end to, the trend of making citizenship easier to acquire.
With all these changes come changes to law changes to our Realm our Commonwealth our rights and our Crown and the general public had no clue.
It was a gradual change like a frog in the pot slowly cooking ,by the time many of us realised what had transpired it was all done.
We were effectively removed from our de-jure capacity and placed in De-facto capacity.
This ment that we were now being administered by a administrator under the fruits of war.
See ,lieber agreement, Hague Conventions, geneva-conventions, Unidroit,and Usufruct
For the bigger picture.
In short the Commonwealth people were placed on a ship under Admiralty law under a Roman Catholic Crown and were turned into commodities for financial gain to pay the debt left from war .
Since then we have lived in a sort of prison without walls and taxed accordingly.
Held under colour of law of foreign crown jurisdiction.